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进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

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第一篇、2016人教版 初一 训练题集

进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

第一单元题集训练 2016年10月

1、钱学森说:“6年的师大附中学习生活对我的教育很深,对我的一生,对我的知识和人生观起了很大的作用。”在晚年,他写了一段话,称有17个人对自己的一生影响深远,12个人是求学期间的老师,其中中学老师就占了7位。

(1)钱学森的两段话说明了什么道理?

答:(1)说明中学时代是我们人生的一个新阶段,这段时间虽然不长,却可以为我们的一生奠定重要基础;

(2)中学时代是见证我们从少年到青年的生命进阶;

(3)中学时代为我们发展自我提供多种机会;

(4)进入中学时代,新的学习目标不断激发我们的潜能,激励我们不断超越自我;

(5)中学时代使我们不断完善自我。

(2)你从钱学森的两段话里感悟到了什么?

答:(1)说明中学时代是我们人生的一个新阶段,这段时间虽然不长,却可以为我们的一生奠定重要基础;

(2)中学时代是见证我们从少年到青年的生命进阶;

(3)中学时代为我们发展自我提供多种机会;

(4)进入中学时代,新的学习目标不断激发我们的潜能,激励我们不断超越自我;

(5)中学时代使我们不断完善自我。

(3)钱学森的两段话给你什么启发?

答:(1)中学时代是我们人生的新阶段,这段时间虽然补偿,却可以为我们的一生奠定重要基础;

(2)我们要珍视当下,把握机遇,从点滴做起,为美好明天付出不懈努力。

(4)中学时代对钱学森的成长起到了哪些具体的作用呢?

(1)中学时代为我们发展自我提供多种机会;

(2)进入中学时代,新的学习目标不断激发我们的潜能,激励我们不断超越自我;

(3)中学时代使我们不断完善自我。

(5)钱学森认为中学时代对他的一生影响都非常大,你是如何理解的?

(1)赞同

因为:(1)说明中学时代是我们人生的一个新阶段,这段时间虽然不长,却可以为我们的一生奠定重要基础;

(2)中学时代是见证我们从少年到青年的生命进阶;

(3)中学时代为我们发展自我提供多种机会;

(4)进入中学时代,新的学习目标不断激发我们的潜能,激励我们不断超越自我;

(5)中学时代使我们不断完善自我。

2、材料一、1998年,6岁的加拿大男孩瑞恩是一名一年级小学生。一天,老师在上课时降到:在非洲,许多孩子没有玩具,也没有足够的食物和药品,甚至喝不上干净的水,许多人因为喝不上干净的水而死去。“我一定要为他们挖一口井!”小瑞恩暗下决心。起初挖井的钱是靠他做家务赚来的,在他的感召下,亲戚、朋友、邻居纷纷加入进来„„随着时间的推移,他的心愿鼓舞了全世界六十多个国家的成年人,人们纷纷解囊相助。2000年,“瑞恩的井”基金会成立;2003年初,“瑞恩的井”基金会已经为非洲挖了70多口井。

材料二、鲁迅同志是我国著名的文学家、教育家、革命家,在他年少的时候,一天,在上课时,教室里放映的片子里的一个被说成是俄国侦探的中国人,即将被手持钢刀的日本兵砍头示众,而许多站在周围观看的中国人,个个无动于衷,脸上麻木的表情。鲁迅觉得医术只能拯救人的身体,文学可以医治人的思想。而中国落后的根本原因在于思想。鲁迅先生就是想利用文学的力量改变中国的国民思想。于是鲁迅果断弃医从文。最后成为著名的革命家。

(1)瑞恩的故事告诉我们告诉我们什么道理?(至少2个方面)

答:(1)梦想能不断激发我们生命的热情和勇气,让生活更有色彩,有梦想就有希望;

(2)努力是梦想与现实之间的桥梁。(3)努力需要坚持

(2)结合所学知识谈谈鲁迅弃医从文给你什么启示?

(1)少年的梦想与时代脉搏紧密相连,与中国梦密不可分。

(2)我们要从小树立远大的志向,并把最重要的人生志向同祖国和人们联系在一起。(我们要从小学会立志,早立志,立大志,立长志,并把自己最重要的人生志向同祖国和人民联系在一起。)

(3)小瑞恩最开始用自己挣来的费用,坚持了十几年,终于挖出了70多口井给你什么样的启示?

(1)努力需要坚持,只要坚持努力,就有机会离梦想更进一步;

(2)我们要把努力落实在每一天的具体行动中,为实现梦想不懈追求。

3、明明认为,作为初中生一定要在中学时代树立志向,否则可能就要虚度一生了。

(1)请你谈谈对明明这一观点的理解。

思路:观点中强调了中学时代的重要性;梦想的重要性

(1) 我认同明明的观点;

(2) 梦想能不断激发我们生命的热情和勇气,让生活更有色彩,有梦想就有希望;

(3) 人类需要有梦想,只有有梦想才能不断进步和发展;

(4) 有了明确的目标(梦想),犹如灯塔,能在茫茫大海中找到方向;

另一个角度:回答中学时代的重要性。答案同第一题的第一问

(2) 明明的这一想法给你什么样的启示?

答:(1)梦想能不断激发我们生命的热情和勇气,让生活更有色彩,有梦想就有希望;

(2)我们要从小树立远大的志向,并把最重要的人生志向同祖国和人们联系在一起。(我们要从小学会立志,早立志,立大志,立长志,并把自己最重要的人生志向同祖国和人民联系在一起。)

4、阳阳认为:树立志向以后,要坚持不懈、矢志不渝地朝着目标前进才有可能实现自己的梦想。

(1)请你谈谈对阳阳这一观点的看法。

答:我认同阳阳的观点。因为:努力需要坚持,如果不把努力落实在每一天的具体行动中去,梦想就会变成空想,

(2)阳阳的这一观点给你什么启示?

答案同第二题第三问。

5、上了初中后,平平立志要做一名军人,可是平平在学习上应付,作业拖拉,生活中严重依赖父母,缺乏毅力。请你谈谈对平平立志做一名军人的看法。

(1)平平想做一名军人,有梦想这是值得肯定的,但是平平没有为梦想付出努力,没有坚持努力。

(2)努力是梦想与现实之间的桥梁,如果梦想不落实在每一天的具体行动中去,梦想就会变成空想;

(3)平平想做军人,却作业拖拉缺乏毅力,这样是不可能成为军人的。

6、小强利用课余时间广泛阅读课外书籍;小胜在周末去敬老院做义工;欢欢利用暑假外出旅游。有人说,他们其实都在学习,你是否赞同,为什么?

(1)赞同。因为学习不仅局限在学校,我们所看、所听、所想都是学习;

(2)学习不仅表现在接受和掌握,还表现在探究、体验、感悟和发现。

(3)我们可以从一切经历中学习。

7、学习是一件苦乐交织额事情,有些人最后学有所成,而有些人因为缺乏正确的学习态度而荒废学业。

同样是在校上学,却又不同的结果,说明了什么道理?

(1) 学习需要自觉主动的态度;

(2)学会学习,需要掌握科学的学习方法。

8、回顾我们的成长历程,我们从呱呱坠地到牙牙学语、蹒跚学步,学会写字,到现在学会了如何与他人交往。随着时代的变迁,我们即便走出学校仍然有很多需要学习的内容。

结合所学知识,我们成长的历程说明了哪些道理?

(1) 学习伴随着我们成长;

(2) 学习没有终点;

(3) 学习不仅局限在学校,我们可以从一切经历中学习。

9、材料一、七年级学生小明刚上初一,由于不太适应新的学习,他上课总是走神,不做笔记,作业总是抄袭同桌的,曾经有一段时间他还试着用同桌的一些学习策略来进行学习,可是期中考试各科都不及格。前几天在QQ空间里写了一条说说:“学习困难成绩差,别人戏我是学渣,升学渺茫枉费力,弃学打工挣钱去”。

(1)请你利用所学知识劝他返校读书。

(1)学习不仅能让我们生存,而且让我们有充实的生活;

(2)学习就是在给生命添加养料;

(3)学点亮我们内心不熄的明灯,激发我们前进的持续动力。

(2)根据小明学习中的问题,请你给他提出几条具体可行的措施。

(1)掌握科学的学习方法和策略。(2)合理安排时间;

(3)养成良好的学习习惯;(4)不断提高学习能力;

(5)找到适合自己的学习方法。

(3)请你帮助他,让他体味到学习的快乐,做一个学会学习的人。

(1)学会学习,需要发现并保持对学习的兴趣;

(2)学会学习,需要掌握科学的,适合自己的学习方法;

(3)学会学习,应善于运用不同的学习方式。

10、材料:最近一段时间,“凤姐”因各种雷言囧语层出不穷而一“炮”而红,引起各路媒体和广大网民的关注,被网友戏称为“宇宙无敌超级第一自信”。凤姐,真名罗玉凤,重启湛江泔水镇而你,身高1.46米,大专学历曾经在上海家乐福超市工作,月收入千余元。下面节选了部分“凤姐的语录”:

A、我九岁博览群书,二十岁达到顶峰,往前推三百年,总共600年没有人能超过我。

B、论交际,论人际关系,论工作能力,实在不但女人,就是男人也难和我相比。

C、我打开电视,东方卫视正在播奥巴马的新闻,我觉得我和奥巴马之间还有很大的距离。做人,自知之明还是有的。

上述言论引得广大网民的吐槽。

(1)结合所学知识谈谈对“凤姐”的认识。

(1)凤姐没有全面、正确地认识自己。

(2)正确认识自己需要全面认识自己,从生理、心理、社会更方面,既要看到有点又要看到缺点。

(2)“凤姐”的自己的认识给我们什么警示?

(1)不正确认识自己不利于与他人交往。

(2)我们要正确认识自己:A、要全面认识自己,从生理、心理、社会各方面,既要看到有点,也要看到缺点和不足;

B、认识自己是一个过程,我们要用发展的眼光认识自己。

C、我们可以通过自我评价、他人的态度和评价来认识自己。

11、2010年4月,随着电影《杜拉拉升职记》的热播。才女导演徐静蕾身价猛增。据徐静蕾透露,几年前,她就觉得已不太适合总演装嫩的青春剧,于是想到做导演,后来她导演的《我和爸爸》、《一个陌生女人的来信》等电影果然得到了观众的认可,获得了成功。

(1)徐静蕾是通过什么途径认识自己的。

是通过自我评价来认识自己的

(2)徐静蕾改做导演并获得了成功,给你什么样的启示?

(1)认识自己有助于自我发展。

(2)我们要正确认识自己:A、要全面认识自己,从生理、心理、社会各方面,既要看到有点,也要看到缺点和不足;

B、认识自己是一个过程,我们要用发展的眼光认识自己。

C、我们可以通过自我评价、他人的态度和评价来认识自己。

12、古希腊著名哲学家苏格拉底曾自问:“什么是哲学?”然后自答:“认识你自己!认识自己,方能认识人生。”

(1)苏格拉底的这句话告诉我们什么道理。(1)正确认识可以促进自我发展。

(2)正确认识可以促进与他人交往。

(2)苏格拉底的这句话给你什么启示?

(1)正确认识可以促进自我发展。(2)正确认识可以促进与他人交往。

(3)我们要正确认识自己:A、要全面认识自己,从生理、心理、社会各方面,既要看到有点,也要看到缺点和不足;

B、认识自己是一个过程,我们要用发展的眼光认识自己。

C、我们可以通过自我评价、他人的态度和评价来认识自己。

13、明明觉得自己身高太矮,五官太平淡了,学习成绩也不太好,老师和同学的评价也不是很高,他非常自卑。

请你结合所学知识,帮他支招,帮他走出自卑的阴影。

(1) 要正确、全面地认识自己,既要看到不足还有发现自己的有点和长处。

(2) 要学会接纳和欣赏自己,接纳自己的有点和缺点,欣赏自己的长处。

(3) 要做更好的自己,扬长避短,主动改正缺点,在于他人共同生活中不断成长。

第二篇、七年级英语暑假阅读集训

进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

七年级英语暑期复习系列—阅读训练

A

Yao Ming, the center of the Chinese National Men’s basketball team, joined(加入) the Houston Rockets in the 2002 NBA. The 2.26m,120kg center becomes the first one to come from a foreign(外国的) team.

Yao Ming was born in Shanghai in September, 1980. His mother is a center and captain of the Chinese National Women’s Team. His father plays basketball, too. Yao Ming is widely known(出名的) in China. He comes to be a very important basketball player in China Basketball Association(联赛). It’s short for CBA. During the 2000-2001 season, he gets 27.1 scores for the Shanghai Oriental(东方) Sharks in every match.

Yao Ming joined the Houston Rockets in November, 2002. He says this is a new start in his basketball life. He would do his best to learn from the NBA and improve(提高) himself.

Sport analyst(分析家) Bill Walton says, “Yao Ming has the potential(潜力), the capability(能力) of changing the future (未来)of basketball.”

( ) 1. The Houston Rockets is the name of a ___________ team.

A. table tennis B. volleyball C. basketball D. golf.

( ) 2. Both Yao Ming’s father and mother were ___________.

A. football players B. basketball players

C. the centers of Chinese National Team.

D. the captains of the Chinese National Team.

( ) 3. Yao Ming ________ in CBA during the 2000-2001 season.

A. does badly B. wasn’t good C. was good D. does well

( ) 4. Yao Ming _________ the Houston Rockets in November, 2002 .

A. does his best to join B. is well-known in

C. becomes a member of D. leaves

( ) 5. Sport analyst Bill Walton thinks Yao Ming is able to __________.

A. learn from the NBA. B. change the future of basketball

C. improve himself D. becomes the captain of the Houston Rockets.

B

Li Gang’s my classmate . There are four people in his family .They are his grandfather , his s and himself . His grandfather is sixty years old , but he looks healthy . Why ?

He eats healthy food every day . In the morning he has cereal(谷类食品) for breakfast . For lunch and supper , he has rice and vegetables . He seldom has sweet snacks . He has some fruit after each meal .

He exercises for about half an hour every morning ,. He always swims and runs in the afternoon . Sometimes he plays badminton with Li Gang .

Li Gang’s grandfather says,” I always feel Young . Because I have healthy food and exercise every day .”

( ) 1. Li Gang’s grandfather can keep healthy because he ___________.

A. has healthy foods B. goes to bed early C. does some exercise D. Both A and C

( ) 2. Li Gang’s grandfather doesn’t often have _____________.

A. rice B. vegetables C. fruit D. sweet snacks

( ) 3. Li Gang’s grandfather __________after each meal .

A. runs B. plays computer games C. eats some fruit D. plays badminton with Li Gang

( ) 4. It’s not good for you to __________every day .

A. have a healthy breakfast B. have a healthy lifestyle C. have lots of meat

C. swim or run or play badminton for about 30 minutes

( ) 5. Which is the best title for this article ?

A. Breakfast , lunch and supper B. You should exercise every day

C. How to keep healthy D. Sweet snacks aren’t healthy C

Tom is five years old . He has no brothers or sisters . He is a lovely boy . He doesn’t go to school because he is too young . He likes to play with other children in the small park every day .

The park is near his building . In the park there are interesting things to see and play with .

Tom’s s lone him very much . They often buy him nice things . This time , his mother buys some new clothes for him . The clothes are expensive and nice . Tom is very happy to wear them .

“Mum , can I go out and play with my friends ? I want them to see my new clothes ,” asks Tom . “All right , but please keep your clothes clean ,” says Mum. “I am going to do some cooking . We will have supper after your father comes back .” At about six , his father comes back from work . And Tom goes home for supper. “Why do you have much earth (泥土) on your clothes ?” asks his mother .

“Because I have some falls(摔跤), ” answers Tom . “You should not make the nice clothes dirty ” Mother says .

“ I’m sorry , Mum ” says Tom , “But I have no time to take off my clothes when I fall .”

( ) 1. Tom _________________.

A. is six years old B. is a student C. is five years old D. has a brother and a sister

( ) 2. How do you know Tom’s s love him very much ?

A. They let him play with other small children .

B. They let watch TV all day

C. They often buys some nice things for him .

D. Tom doesn’t go to school .

( ) 3. How does Tom make his clothes dirty ?

A. Hi friends make his clothes dirty

B. He has some falls .

B. He doesn’t like the new clothes

D. He takes off his new clothes and puts them on the dirty earth .

( ) 4. The word “lovely ” means __________.

A. 淘气的 B. 可爱的 C. 好看的 D. 喜爱的

( )5. Which is not right ?

A. Tom doesn’t go to school

B. There is a small park near his home .

C. Before Tom falls , he takes off his clothes .

D. Tom often goes out to play with his friends .

D

Big Ben is not the name of a man . It is the name of a huge clock in London .London is the capital of the UK. This clock has four faces ,so no matter (无论)where you stand ,you can read the time on the face of Big Ben . Each face is the size of a double?decker (双层的) bus . The hands are about four metres long . It is about the size of two people standing on top of each other . If you go to London , you may want to visit the House of Parliament (国会大厦).That is where you will find Big

Ben sitting at the top of the clock tower(塔) in the House of Parliament . You will hear it as well as see it . The big clock makes such a loud sound , “Ding Dong , Ding Dong ,” when it goes every quarter(四分之一) of an hour . The clock was named after a big man . He was Sir Benjamin Hill . He did much building work in London many years ago.

( )1. Big Ben is ______________________.

A. a double-decker bus B. a huge clock C. the name of Ben D. a building

( )2. The clock strikes (敲响)every ______________of an hour.

A. ten minutes B. fifteen minutes C. thirty minutes D. forty-five minutes

( ) 3. Which of the two words mean the same as “large “?

A. Double B. loud C. huge D. Small

( )4. You can read the time of Big Ben ______________.

A. at the top of the tower B. in the House of Parliament

C. on the hands of the huge clock D. on the four faces of the clock

( )5.The title (标题) of the passage may be ______________.

A. Big Ben B. A clock C. Sir Benjamin Hill D. The Capital of the UK

E

The United States of America is a large country. On the same day in the winter, it may be warm in some places and cold in others. In parts of the South, in the winter, the temperature might be over 27℃. At the same time, in parts of the North, the temperature might be below 0℃.

In the summer,it may be over 38℃in the South.On the same day,it may be 23℃in the North. The temperature is not the same in all parts of the United States.

The rain is also very different in the country. In parts of the west there is little rain. In parts of the South there is much rain.

第三篇、16-17版 专题限时集训8 第1部分 板块2 专题8 变异、育种和进化

进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

专题限时集训(八)

(限时:40分钟)

一、选择题

1.(2015·海南高考)关于等位基因B和b发生突变的叙述,错误的是( )

A.等位基因B和b都可以突变成为不同的等位基因

B.X射线的照射不会影响基因B和基因b的突变率

C.基因B中的碱基对G—C被碱基对A—T替换可导致基因突变

D.在基因b的ATGCC序列中插入碱基C可导致基因b的突变

B [根据基因突变的不定向性,突变可以产生多种等位基因,A正确;X射线属于物理诱变因子,可以提高基因突变率,B错误;基因突变包括碱基对的替换、增添、缺失三种情况,C选项属于替换,D选项属于增添,C、D正确。]

2.(2015·海南高考)关于基因突变和染色体结构变异的叙述,正确的是

( )

A.基因突变都会导致染色体结构变异

B.基因突变与染色体结构变异都导致个体表现型改变

C.基因突变与染色体结构变异都导致碱基序列的改变

D.基因突变与染色体结构变异通常都用光学显微镜观察

C [基因突变不会导致染色体结构变异,A错误;基因突变与染色体结构变异都有可能导致个体表现型改变,B错误;基因突变与染色体结构变异都导致碱基序列的改变,C正确;基因突变在光学显微镜下是不可见的,染色体结构变异可用光学显微镜观察到,D错误。]

3.(2016·东北四市联考)二倍体水毛茛黄花基因q1中丢失3个相邻碱基对后形成基因q2,导致其编码的蛋白质中氨基酸序列发生了改变,下列叙述正确的是

( )

A.正常情况下q1和q2可存在于同一个配子中

B.利用光学显微镜可观测到q2的长度较q1短

C.突变后翻译时碱基互补配对原则发生了改变

D.突变后水毛茛的花色性状不一定发生改变

D [基因突变后产生的是等位基因,等位基因在减数第一次分裂后期分离,因此正常情况下,q1和q2不可能存在于同一个配子中,A错误;基因突变在光学显微镜下观察不到,B错误;基因突变对碱基互补配对原则没有影响,C错误;如果突变后产生的是隐性基因,或基因突变发生在叶片或根细胞中,则水毛茛的花色性状不发生改变,D正确。]

4.化学诱变剂EMS能使基因中的G烷基化,烷基化的G与T配对。CLH2基因控制合成叶绿素酶,该酶催化叶绿素分解。研究人员利用EMS处理野生型大白菜(叶片浅绿色)种子,获得CLH2基因突变的植株甲(叶片深绿色)和乙(叶片黄色)。下列叙述正确的是( )

A.植株乙叶片呈黄色,说明其叶绿素酶失去活性

B.若植株甲自交获得叶片浅绿色的植株,说明浅绿色为显性性状

C.获得植株甲和乙,说明EMS可决定CLH2基因突变的方向

D.EMS处理后,CLH2基因经两次复制可出现G-C替换为A—T的现象

D [植株乙叶片呈黄色,说明其叶绿素酶起作用;植株甲(叶片深绿色)自交产生浅绿色的植株,说明浅绿色为隐性性状;基因突变是不定向的;故ABC错。]

5.在854只小鼠群体中,A1和A2是一对等位基因,研究表明该群体中384只小鼠的基因型为A1A1,210只小鼠的基因型为A1A2。下列叙述,错误的是( )

A.基因突变能改变A1和A2的基因频率

B.A1和A2基因的根本区别是碱基序列不同

C.A1的基因频率是57%,A2的基因频率是43%

D.该小鼠群体所有的A1和A2基因,构成小鼠的基因库

D [影响种群基因频率改变的因素之一是基因突变,A正确;A1和A2基因的遗传信息不同,根本区别是碱基序列不同,B正确;A1的基因频率是57%,A2的基因频率是1-57%=43%,C正确;种群基因库是该种群中所有个体的全部基因,D错误。]

6.(2016·江苏高考)下图中甲、乙两个体的一对同源染色体中各有一条发生变异(字母表示基因)。下列叙述正确的是( )

【导学号:15482049】

A.个体甲的变异对表型无影响

B.个体乙细胞减数分裂形成的四分体异常

C.个体甲自交的后代,性状分离比为3∶1

进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

D.个体乙染色体没有基因缺失,表型无异常

B [个体甲的变异为染色体结构变异中的缺失,由于基因互作,缺失了e基因对表型可能有影响,A选项错误;个体乙的变异为染色体结构变异中的倒位,变异后个体乙细胞减数分裂时同源染色体联会形成的四分体异常,B选项正确;若E、e基因与其他基因共同控制某种性状,则个体甲自交的后代性状分离比不一定为3∶1,C选项错误;个体乙虽然染色体没有基因缺失,但是基因的排列顺序发生改变,可能引起性状的改变,D选项错误。]

7.(2016·河北衡水四调)某小麦种群中,T(抗锈病)对t(易感染)为显性,在自然情况下该小麦种群可以自由交配,据TT为20%,Tt为60%,tt为20%,该小麦种群突然大面积感染锈病,致使易感染小麦在开花之前全部死亡。则该小麦在感染锈病之前与感染锈病且开花之后基因T的频率分别是( )

A.50%和40%

B.50%和62.5%

C.50%和80%

D.62.5%和50%

B [感染锈病之前,小麦种群中TT为20%,Tt为60%,tt为20%,所以T的基因频率为20%+1/2×60%=50%。感染锈病后易感染小麦在开花之前全部死亡,所以感染锈病且开花之后TT、Tt的基因型频率分别为1/4、3/4,T的基因频率是1/4+1/2×3/4=62.5%,B正确。]

8.中科院南海海洋研究所在华南沿海发现了两个牡蛎未定种,结合线粒体和基因组分析,命名其中一种为电白牡蛎,电白牡蛎无闭壳肌痕。而分布在辽宁的长牡蛎,它们的闭壳肌痕很大。下列有关说法错误的是( )

A.生物多样性的形成是生物与环境相互作用的结果

B.电白牡蛎与长牡蛎由于存在地理隔离而存在生殖隔离

C.两种牡蛎形态上的差异说明二者基因库不全相同

D.电白牡蛎出现的实质是种群基因频率改变

B [生物多样性的形成是生物与环境相互作用的结果,A正确;电白牡蛎与长牡蛎存在生殖隔离是由于进化过程中基因库的差异导致的,B错;两种牡蛎形态上的差异说明二者基因库不全相同,C正确;电白牡蛎出现是生物进化的结果,生物进化的实质是种群基因频率改变,D正确。]

9.(2016·黄冈检测)下列有关生物多样性和进化的叙述中,不正确的是( )

A.自然选择能定向改变种群的基因频率,决定了生物进化的方向

B.新物种的形成通常要经过突变和基因重组、自然选择及隔离三个基本环节

C.细菌在接触青霉素后会产生抗药性的突变个体,青霉素的选择作用使其生存

D.蜂鸟细长的喙与倒挂金钟的筒状花萼是它们长期共同进化形成的相互适应特征

C [自然选择能定向改变种群的基因频率,决定了生物进化的方向,A正确;物种形成的三个基本环节是突变和基因重组、自然选择及隔离,B正确;细菌在接触青霉素以前就已经产生了抗药性的突变个体,青霉素的选择作用使其生存,C错误;蜂鸟细长的喙与倒挂金钟的筒状花萼是它们长期共同进化的结果,D正确。]

10.雄性蓝孔雀尾屏很大,使其逃避天敌的能力下降。但这一特性对雌孔雀具有吸引力,使大尾屏个体的交配机会增加,并使该特性代代保留。下列相关叙述中,错误的是( )

A.决定表现型的基因可以随着生殖而世代延续

B.种群在繁衍过程中,个体有新老交替,基因代代相传

C.生物进化过程的实质在于保存对环境更适应的性状

D.雌孔雀对配偶的选择影响种群基因频率

C [基因型是决定表现型的内部因素,基因可以通过生物的生殖,将其传递给后代,A正确;种群内部有新个体的产生,也有老个体的死亡,但种群内的个体可以通过有性生殖将基因代代相传,B正确;生物进化的实质在于种群基因频

率的改变,C错;雌孔雀虽然选择的是生物的表现型,但生物的表现型由基因型决定,所以这种选择定会导致种群基因频率发生改变,D正确。]

11.(2016·北京高考)豹的某个栖息地由于人类活动被分隔为F区和T区。20世纪90年代初,F区豹种群仅剩25只,且出现诸多疾病。为避免该豹种群消亡,由T区引入8只成年雌豹。经过十年,F区豹种群增至百余只,在此期间F区的( )

A.豹种群遗传(基因)多样性增加

B.豹后代的性别比例明显改变

C.物种丰(富)度出现大幅度下降

D.豹种群的致病基因频率不变

A [由题干信息可知,为避免F区豹种群消亡,从T区引入8只成年雌豹后,F区豹种群数量增加,豹种群遗传(基因)多样性也会增加,A项正确;由T区引入8只成年雌豹,经过十年,F区豹种群增至百余只,由于F区环境没有发生明显变化,故后代雌雄比例不会发生明显改变,B项错误;F区引入雌豹后,十年内豹种群增加,说明豹的数量未超过环境容量,物种丰(富)度不会出现大幅度下降,C项错误;十年间在环境的选择作用下,随物种的进化,种群的致病基因频率会发生定向改变,D项错误。]

12.(2016·江苏高考)下图是某昆虫基因pen突变产生抗药性示意图。下列相关叙述正确的是( )

【导学号:15482050】

A.杀虫剂与靶位点结合形成抗药靶位点

B.基因pen的自然突变是定向的

C.基因pen的突变为昆虫进化提供了原材料

第四篇、2014人教版语文七年级上册课时特训答案

进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

第五篇、七年级下册课时特训科学答案

进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

第六篇、高中英语阅读训练习题及答案

进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

A (words:311&225)

The British National Health Service (NHS) was set up in 1948 and was designed to provide equal basic health care, free of charge, for everybody in the country. Before this time health care had to be paid for by individuals.

Nowadays central government is directly responsible for the NHS although it is administered by local health authorities. About 83 percent of the cost of the health service is paid for by general taxation and the rest is met from the National Insurance contributions paid by those in work. There are charges for prescription and dental care but many people, such as children, Most people are registered with a local doctor (a GP, or General Practitioner) who is increasingly likely to be part of a health centre which serves the community.

As the population of Britain gets older, the hospital service now treats more patients than before, although patients spend less time in hospital. NHS hospitals—many of which were built in the nineteenth century — provide nearly half a million beds and have over 480, 000 medical staff. The NHS is the biggest employer in Europe although Britain actually spends less per person on health care than most of her European neighbours.

During the 1980s there was considerable restructuring of the Health Service with an increased emphasis on managerial efficiency and the privatization of some services (for example, cleaning). At the end of the 1980s the government introduced proposals for further reform of the NHS, including allowing some hospitals to be self-governing, and encouraging GPs to compete for patients. Patients would be able to choose and change their family doctor more easily and GPs would have more financial responsibility. The political questions continue of how much money should be provided to support the NHS and where it should come from.

41. We can know from the first paragraph that ______________.进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

A. the original aim of the NHS was to provide equal basic health care for everybody

B. people didn’t have to pay for health care since the NHS was set up

C. patients were charged for receiving health care before 1948

D. the NHS was an organization which gave free advice to villagers

42. What do we know about the NHS?

A. It’s managed by the central government.

B. Its cost is mainly paid for by the National Insurance contributions.

C. It hires more people than any other unit in Europe.

D. Fewer patients go to its hospitals than before because they spend less on health care.

43. All the following statements about GPs are true except that they ____________.进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

A. take care of the local people’s health

B. often take part in competitions to see who is the best

C. work under high pressure nowadays

D. have more responsibilities than before

44. What does the underlined word “exempt” probably mean?进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

A. suffering B. different C. prevented D. free

45. The biggest problem for the NHS is ______________.

A. many hospitals are too old to be used

B. some services are in the charge of individuals

C. more and more patients go to GPs for treatment

D. there is not enough money for further reform

【答案与解析】 41—45 CCBDD

国家保健中心由中央政府直接负责,但由地方当局管理。建立国家保健中心的最初目的 是为农村居民提供免费的基本健康护理,尤其儿童、孕妇等可享受免费治疗。

41. C。细节理解题。根据最后一自然段最后一句可知,建立国家保健中心的最初目的是为农村居民提供免费的基本健康护理,而不是针对所有的人,所以前两项错误。

42. C。细节理解题。根据第4自然段“The NHS is the biggest employer in Europe…”可知。从第二自然段第一句可以看出国家保健中心由中央政府直接负责,但由地方当局管理,所以A项错误。

43. B。细节理解题。根据最后一自然段话“and encouraging GPs to compete for patients”可知政府鼓励全科医生之间相互竞争,而不是让他们进行竞赛,看谁的医术高明。

44. D。猜测词义题。前面提到医生开药方及给病人治疗牙病需要收费,再结合but一词可推断儿童、孕妇等可享受免费治疗。

45. D。细节理解题。根据最后一自然段最后一句可知。

B

Parents have to do much less for their children today than they used to do,and home has

become much less of a workshop. Clothes can be bought ready made; washing can go to the laundry; food can be bought; cooked,canned or preserved; bread is baked and delivered by the baker; milk arrives on the doorstep; meats can be had at the restaurant,the work’s canteen,and the school dining-room.

It is unusual now for father to pursue his trade or other employment at home,and his children rarely,if ever,see him at his place of work. Boys are therefore seldom trained to follow their father’s occupation,and in many towns they have a fairly wide choice of employment and so do girls. The young wage-earner often earns good money,and soon acquires a feeling of economic independence. In textile areas it has long been customary for mothers to go out to work,but this practice has become so widespread that the working mother is now a not unusual factor in a child’s home life,the number of married women in employment having more than doubled in the last twenty-five years. With mother earning and his older children drawing substantial wages father is seldom the dominant figure that he still was at the beginning of the century. When mother works, economic advantages accrue,but children lose something of great value if mother’s employment prevents her from being home to greet them when they return from school.

41. The writer mentions home as workshop because______.

A. fathers often pursue employment at home

B. parents had to make food and necessity themselves for their daily-life

C. many families produce goods at home for sale

D. both fathers and mothers and mothers in most families are workers

答案:B。细节理解题。解析:从第一段可知。

42. The writer says that home has become much less of a workshop. He means______.

A. in the past, home was more like a workshop

B. home is much more of a workshop now

C. home-workshops are becoming fewer and fewer

D. home was less like a workshop in the past

答案:A。推理判断题。解析:从第一句“Parents have to do much less for their children today than they used to do,and home become much less of a workshop.” 和下文所述可知,过去日常生活所需大部分都由自己做,“家”就如a workshop一样。

43.The word“accrue”in the sentence“When mother...accrue,”is closest in meaning to __________________.

A. change B. dwindle C. double D. increase

答案:D。词义猜测题。解析:从“When mother works, economic advantages accure.”可判断出。

44. The chief reason that boys are seldom trained to follow their father’s occupation is ___________________.

A. that children nowadays rarely see their fathers at their place of work

B. that fathers do not like to pursue employment at home any more

C. that there is a wide choice of employment for children

D. that children also like to have jobs outside

答案:C。推理判断题。解析:由“...in many towns they have a fairly wide choice of employment and so do girls. The young wage-earner often earns good money...”可知答案。进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

45. What makes father no longer the only dominant person in a family?

A. With their earning,mother and children do not need to depend on father for their life.

B. There are many choice of employment for mothers and children.

C. Father does much less for his children today than he used to.

D. The number of married women in employment has increased greatly now.

答案:A。细节理解题。解析: 见第二段“With mother earning and his older children drawing substantial wages father is seldom the dominant figure that he still was at the beginning of the century.”。

C(words:190&203)

Artificial(假的) flowers are used for scientific as well as for decorative purposes. They are made from a variety of materials, such as wax and glass, so skillfully that they can scarcely be distinguished from natural flowers. In making such models, painstaking and artistry are called for, as well as thorough knowledge of plant structure. The collection of glass flowers in the Botanical Museum of Harvard University is the most famous in North America and is widely known throughout the scientific world. In all, there are several thousand models in colored glass, the work of two artist-naturalists, Leopold Blaschka and his son Rudolph.

The intention was to have the collection represent at least one member of each flower family

native to the United States. Although it was never completed. It contains more than seven hundred species representing 164 families of flowering plants, a group of fruits showing the effect of fungus diseases, and thousands of flower parts and magnified details. Every detail of these is accurately reproduced in color and structure. The models are kept in locked cases as they are too valuable and fragile for classroom use.

51. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A. An Extensive Collection of Glass Flowers 

B. The Lives of Leopold and Rudolph

C. Flowers Native to the United States

D. Material Used for Artificial Flowers

52. It can be inferred from the passage that the goal of Leopold and Rudolph was to ______________.

A. create a botanical garden where only exotic flowers grew

B. do a thorough study of plant structure

C. make a copy of one member of each United States flower family

D. show that glass are more realistic than wax flowers

53.The underlined word “it” refers to ______________.

A. the intention B. the collection C. one member D. each flower family

54. Which of the following is NOT included in the display at the Botanical Museum of Harvard University?

A. Models of 164 families of flowering plants.

B. Magnified details of flower parts.

C. Several species of native birds.

D. A group of diseased fruits.

55. Which of the following statements is true of the flowers at Harvard University?

A. They form a completed collection.

B. They have a marvelous fragrance.

C. They are loaned to schools for classroom use.

D. They use authentic representations.

【答案与解析】 51—55 ACBCD

第七篇、2016年秋季学期七年级《道德与法治》上册期末综合训练

进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

2016年秋季学期七年级《道德与法治》上册期末综合训练

(范围:第一课至第十课)

一、单项选择(每小题只有一个最符合题意的答案,选出正确答案的字母填入下表相应空格内。每小题2

1、“什么时光最值得珍爱?是这幸福的中学时代。什么时光最难以忘怀?是这美好的中学时代。”你认为中学时代最值得我们珍爱、最让我们难以忘怀的原因有„„„„„„„„„„„( ) ①中学时代,是人生发展的一个新阶段,可以为我们的一生奠定重要基础

②中学时代只是让我们发现了一个浩瀚无边的知识的世界

③中学时代,见证着一个人从少年到青年的生命进阶

④中学时代为我们的人生长卷打上更加丰富而厚实的底色

A、①②③ B、①②③④ C、①③④ D、②③④

2、在讨论课上,同学们就梦想的话题,展开了讨论。你认为以下观点不正确的是„„„( ) ...

①小李:梦想就是梦想,不会变成现实

②小梅:梦想的内容不是一成不变的,有时会有变化

③小哲:人们以前的梦想与我们今天的生活已经没有了联系

④小魏:梦想的实现需要不断努力,就是要把梦想转化为具体目标,落实在每一天的具体行动上

A、①② B、②③ C、③④ D、①③

3、当今社会,终生学习已经成为一种生活方式。我们要确立终生学习的观念,以适应现代社会不断

发展变化的新要求。下列说法能体现这一思想的是„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„( ) ①少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲 ②活到老,学到老

③吾生也有涯,而知也无涯 ④读书破万卷,下笔如有神

A、①②③ B、②③ C、②③④ D、②④

4、好习惯能使我们终生受益;坏习惯会使我们终生受累。下面是几位同学的学习习惯,其中值得我

们学习的是„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„( )

A、经常一边听音乐一边背单词 B、遇到不会做的作业,立即到网上抄答案

C、喜欢临时“抱佛脚”,考前搞突击 D、定期对学习结果进行自我总结和自我补救

5、有人说:“人的潜能就如同含苞待放的花蕾,只要绽放,就会吐露芬芳;人的潜能就如同蕴藏丰富的矿山,只要开采,就会收藏宝藏。”你认为下列对于人的潜能的说法中,正确的是„( ) ①每个人都有自己的潜能,每个人的潜能都是相同的

②人的潜能是多方面的,需要我们探索、尝试、发现并激活它们

③发掘自己的潜能,可以让我们飞得更高

④我们可以用多种方法,发掘自己的潜能,做更好的自己

A、①②③ B、①③④ C、②③④ D、①②④

6、有首歌唱道:“朋友一生一起走,那些日子不再有,一生情,一辈子„„”这表明,当我们长大离开父母的怀抱开始独立生活时„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„( )

A、没有朋友的帮助,我们将无法生存和发展 B、只有依靠朋友,我们才能生存和发展下去

C、伙伴、朋友就成为我们生命中越来越重要的部分 D、朋友是我们生存和发展的唯一依靠

7、网络交流平台就是以互联网作为交流分享的平台;综合利用网络载体,达到双方思想交流。我们可运用BBS、E-mail、QQ(群)、BLOG(博客)等网络交流载体„„„„„„„„( ) ①自由地宣泄内心的快乐、烦恼、孤独、痛苦 ②舒缓心中的压力

③拓展我们的交往圈、提高交流的广泛性 ④为所欲为,想怎样就怎样

A、①②③ B、①②④ C、②③④ D、①③④

8、2016年4月8日,北京的许先生因根据提示回复了一条短信,几个小时内积蓄几乎被悉数盗走,涉及三张银行卡及支付宝、百度钱包。该事例警示我们„„„„„„„„„„„„„„( )

A、网络诈骗无孔不入,我们应远离网络

B、虚拟世界的交往,我们要具有一定的自我保护意识

C、虚拟世界的交往比现实生活的交往更 具有欺骗性

D、只要进行网络交往就一定会上当受骗

进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

9、高兰是湖滨新区余娟实验小学的语文教师。工作以来,时刻关爱每一个学生,处处用自己的言行去感染和熏陶学生,用自己的真诚、善良感化身边的每一个人,被家长们誉为“最美乡村教师”。这说明高兰老师是一位„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„( )

A、有扎实学识的好老师 B、有仁爱之心的好老师

C、有理想信念的好老师 D、有远大抱负的好老师

10、家庭是最基本的社会设置之一,是人类最基本最重要的一种制度和群体形式。它是由( )

A、男女关系、亲属关系结合成的亲属生活组织

B、婚姻关系、血缘关系或收养关系结合成的亲属生活组织

C、婚姻关系、法律关系或政治关系结合成的亲属生活组织

D、血缘关系、母子关系或父母关系结合成的亲属生活组织

11、“家和万事兴!”家庭和睦是生活幸福的秘诀,做到这一点,需要„„„„„„„„( )

A、强大的物质基础作为家庭的支撑 B、各个家庭成员都要成为社会名人

C、家庭成员之间相互理解、信任、体谅和包容 D、家庭成员之间不能有任何的矛盾和摩擦

12、如果在江河湖泊发现有人溺水,我们中学生„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„( )

A、应该马上下水救人 B、要量力而行,不要贸然下水,可呼救他人或拨打110报警

C、如果是陌生人就不冒险救助 D、 珍惜自己的生命,谁都不救助

13、守护生命首先要„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„„( )

A、关注自己的生活 B、关注自己的身体

C、关注自己的精神 D、关注自己的工作

14、你想对漫画中的主人公说„„„„„„„„„„„( )

①积极交往,感受生命的美好

②勇于面对生活中的困境

③干自己想干的事,不要顾及他人的感受

④制定人生奋斗目标,在实现目标中完善自己

A、①②④ B、①③④ C、②③④ D、①②③ 15、在生活中,面对同样的挫折,不同的人有不同的感受和反应,主要是因为„„„„„( )

A、挫折大小的不同 B、对挫折的认识和态度不同

C、意志力的不同 D、身体素质的不同

二、非选择题(第16题10分,第17题10分,第18题10分,共30分)

16、谁都拥有梦想,但每个人的梦想都能成为现实吗?在人生的道路上,每个人都希望自己的梦想能

够展翅飞翔,顺利抵达彼岸。但现实却往往不能尽如人意,有些人通过不懈努力,实现了自己的梦想,而有些人却遇到了不可逾越的障碍,即使奋力挣扎,最终也未能挣脱失败的命运。

根据上述材料,回答以下问题。

(1)既然拥有梦想不一定能够成功,我们还有必要树立少年梦想吗?(4分)

(2)少年有梦,你认为怎样才能实现梦想?(6分)

17、情境一 七年级女生小丽在全区中学生数理化竞赛中,因有一道较难的题没有做出来。一气之下

把试卷撕得粉碎,哭着离开了考场。回到家后,她把自己关在房间里,不吃不喝,闷头睡大觉,谁也不理睬。后来,在很长一段时间里,她上课老走神,以致期末考试成绩很不理想。

情境二 某班学生小王在一次期中考试中,把本属自己强项的数学考砸了,他难过地流下了眼泪。

试卷发下后,他认真分析了试卷做错的原因,把试卷重做了一遍,为加深理解,还在笔记本上记下了出错的原因,使这次失败的记录成为鞭策自己的动力。

(1)情境一和情境二共同说明了什么?对你有什么启示?(4分)

(2)请你分别对小丽和小王的行为作出评价。(6分)

18、实践探究

李阳和王强是非常要好的朋友,平常他们在生活中互相关心,学习上互相帮助,你超我赶, 不相上下。可是,在最近的两次考试中,王强的成绩都超过了李阳,这让李阳心里很不是滋味。 渐渐地,李阳不大愿意和王强在一起了。尤其在上周的班级学习委员竞选中,李阳落选了,这让 李阳很难受,他不再和王强说话,两人的关系出现了裂痕。为此,王强很失望,因为他不想失去 李阳这位朋友。

针对上述材料,七年级(1)班的同学进行了一次大讨论,请你参与并完成下列活动:

(1)你赞成李阳的做法吗?说一下你的理由。(4分)

(2)请你为“王强怎样呵护与李阳的友谊”出点子。(4分)

(3)请你写出两句有关“友谊”的名言警句。(2分)

2016年秋季学期七年级《道德与法治》上册期末综合训练参考答案

二、非选择题(第16题10分,第17题10分,第18题10分,共30分)

16、(1)有必要。①编织人生梦想,是青少年时期的重要生命主题。梦想能不断激发生命的热情和勇

气,让生活更有色彩。有梦想,就有希望。②少年的梦想,是人类天真无邪、美丽可爱的愿望。有了这样的梦想,人类才能不断进步和发展。(4分)

(2)①坚持梦想,将进取变成一种信念。②努力,是梦想与现实之间的桥梁。③努力,需要立志。

青少年要从小学习立志,并且把自己最重要的人生志向同祖国和人民联系在一起。④努力,需要坚持。只要坚持努力,即使过程再艰难,也有机会离梦想更近一步。(6分)

17、(1)面对不同挫折,不同的人会有不同的情绪感受和行为反应;即使遭遇同样的挫折,不同人的

进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

情绪感受和行为反应也是不同的。启示我们面对挫折应该走出这些负面的情绪感受,决不能消沉,更不能做出不恰当的行为,应该及时调整自己,正确看待挫折,让挫折变成自己生命成长的机会和动力。(4分)

(2)小丽:用撕毁试卷来否定失败,她撕碎的是自己的信心和改正错误的勇气,这种做法是错误的。其结果只能是错上加错。小丽这种做法使自己痛苦,磨损了自己的锐气,使自己失去了信心,最终被挫折压倒。

小王:考试失败之后能分析原因,正视失败,把受挫的压力变为进取的动力,重新树立信心,这种做法是对的。小王的做法会使他认真总结经验教训,奋起迎接挫折的挑战,去争取新的成功,从而不断进步。(6分)

18、(1)我不赞成李阳的做法。因为竞争并不必然伤害友谊,关键是我们对待竞争的态度。在竞争中

能坦然接受并欣赏朋友的成就,做到自我反省和激励,我们会收获更多。当朋友取得某方面的成绩时,我们应该真诚地赞赏他的成功。同时,我们要相信自己的独特,也相信朋友的成功并不意味着自己的失败,相反友谊会在竞争中成长。(4分)

(2)①积极主动与李阳沟通,向李阳表明自己很珍惜两人的友谊。②在学习上帮助李阳,和李阳

一起分析找出考试成绩不理想的原因。③关心、鼓励李阳树立学习信心,共同努力,共同进步。(回答出两点即可,4分)

(3)示例如:人生最美好的东西就是他同别人的友谊。(林肯)友谊需要忠诚去播种,热情去灌

溉,原则去培养,谅解去护理。(马克思)真实的十分理智的友谊,是人生最美好的无价之宝。(高尔基)(2分)

第八篇、初一英语Module 10练习

进阶集训,,七年级,,完型和阅读答案

第十二讲:Module 10

阅读进阶训练

A

The Northern Pike is a very bad fish. It is a big, hungry fish, and eats little fish. Many Northern Pikes live in Lake Davis. They are dangerous to the lake because they eat all the smaller fish. Soon, all other kinds of fish in the lake will be killed off. This is not healthy for the environment.

Scientists are afraid that the Northern Pikes will swim out of Lake Davis through many smaller rivers. They could go all over the country and do something bad to many other water environments. If that happens, it would be too late to stop the Northern Pike.

For ten years, people have been trying to remove the Northern Pikes from Lake Davis. They have tried using nets and poisons. However, there are still too many Northern Pikes in Lake Davis. Many people do not like the idea of using poisons to kill the fish. They worry that the poisons to are bad for humans who use the water.

Scientists are going to try the poisons again. This time, they won’t put the poisons into the lake until there is little water in it. A public hearing will be held to talk about the problem. They will try the poisons again if most of the public agree to the idea.

1. What do you mainly know about the Northern Pike according to the first paragraph?

A. It’s big, strong and hungry. B. It’s good for other fish.

C. It’s bad for water environments. D. It likes eating smaller fish.

2. What are scientists afraid of Northern Pikes?

A. There’s not enough water for Northern Pikes to live in.

B. Northern Pikes could do something bad to water environments.

C. There are not enough smaller fish for Northern Pikes to eat.

D. People will kill all of Northern Pikes and eat them.

3. Why have people used nets and poisons?

A. They want to raise more Northern Pikes.

B. They catch Northern Pikes for meat.

C. They help Northern Pikes live in safer places.

D. They want to kill some of Northern Pikes.

4. What will the scientists finally do to the Northern Pike this time?

A. The passage doesn’t give us the answer.

B. They put poisons into the lake.

C. They won’t put poisons into the lake.

D. They will use the nets again.

B

Mrs. Smart was worried about her son, Jim. He was not doing well in school. Boys in his class played jokes on him because he was so ___1___. The mother wanted to help her son to do

___2___ in school by herself. She told Jim to go to the public library to ___3___ a book a week and write a book report for her.

One day, in Jim’s class, the teacher held up a rock and asked, “Does anyone know it?” Jim put up his hand and the teacher let him ___4___. “Why did Jim raise his hand?” all of his ___5___ whispered. “He ___6___ said anything. What could he possibly want to say?” To their surprise, Jim not only ___7___ the rock, but also said a lot about it. He ___8___ other rocks in its group and even knew ___9___ the teacher found it. The teacher and other students were amazed so much. Jim learned this from writing one of his book ___10___.

Later Jim became the ___11___ student of his class. When he finished high school, he went to Yale University and ___12___ became one of the best doctors in the United States.

1. A. clever B. tall C. slow D. quick

2. A. well B. bad C. right D. good

3. A. see B. find C. read D. buy

4. A. think B. leave C. ask D. answer

5. A. classmates B. students C. teachers D. friends

6. A. always B. ever C. sometimes D. never

7. A. found B. played C. knew D. heard

8. A. said B. told C. called D. named

9. A. who B. what C. where D. why

10. A. pictures B. exercises C. shops D. reports

11. A. top B. slow C. low D. rich

12. A. at first B. at the end C. at last D. now

C

One of the reasons that young people smoke is because they think it is cool. In real life some stars like Jackie Chan think smoking is bad. Chan doesn’t think it is cool at all! And sports stars like Yao Ming don’t smoke cigarettes, but they are very cool. Sometimes people start smoking because their friends ask them to do so, or they see other people like their parents doing it and think that it’s OK. Some people think that smoking can stop stress. But there are better ways to beat stress.

Exercise is one way. Exercise relaxes your muscles and helps you stop smoking if you have already started.

Go for a long walk without money or cigarettes, and breathe in the air around you. Maybe take some lunch and stop in a park, and think about how much better you feel without a cigarette in your mouth.

Also think about the money you will save by not smoking. You can spend it on more fun things like music, clothes and nice food.

To stay away from smoking, keep a list with you saying why smoking is bad.

Tell your friends and ask them to help you.

Millions of people have already given up smoking --- it is not difficult if you try hard!

1. Jackie Chan and Yao Ming were mentioned in the passage to show ________.

A. stars never smoke

B. you can be cool even if you don’t smoke

C. you must smoke to look cool

D. you must stop smoking if you want to become a star

2. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT the reason why people start smoking?

A. They think smoking is cool.

B. Friends ask them to smoke.

C. They think smoking can help them relax.

D. They think smoking can stop them from getting sick.

3. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

A. Smoking doesn’t cost money.

B. It’s OK to smoke if your parents do.

C. Exercise helps people relax but can’t help quit smoking.

D. A large number of smokers successfully quitted smoking.

4. The underlined word “beat” has the closest meaning to ________.

A. hit B. stop C. give up D. do better than

5. How many ways to stop stress or smoking are mentioned in the passage?

A. Three. B. Four. C. Five. D. Six.

D

Jack was driving back home along a road one evening. He just lost his job. It was winter and it was very cold, just like his feelings.

An old lady with her car was standing on one side of the road. She needed help. No one stopped to help her. Jack stopped in front of her and got out of his car. ___1___ Even when he put a smile on his face, the old lady still looked worried. Was he going to hurt her? He didn’t look safe, and he looked poor and hungry.

Jack knew how she felt. He said, “I’m here to help you, madam. ___2___ By the way, my name is Jack.”

The lady thought for a while and then went into his car. ___3___ Jack went under her car to repair it. When he finished, he got dirty and his hands hurt. Then the lady told him that her name was Annie. She asked Jack how much she should pay for his help.

___4___ This was not a job to him. This was helping someone in need. He told her that if she really wanted to pay him back, the next time she saw someone who needed help, she should give that person help.

A. Jack never thought about getting money.

B. The lady looked very worried.

C. Jack wouldn’t like to give her a hand.

D. Why don’t you wait in my car?

E. There was something wrong with her car.

E

Joe wanted a computer. He asked his ___1___ for the money and they said he must get it himself. But how did he get it? He ___2___ about this when he walked home. Not many people wanted to ask children to work for them. Maybe he could take away snow for the neighbours. But this was not ___3___. He had to wait a long time for that. He couldn’t cut grass for their gardens ___4___ he had no tools to do the work with.

Then he saw one of his classmates, Dick, delivering ___5___. I could do that, he thought. Maybe I could even get the computer ___6___ away. I could pay ___7___ it a little each week. He ran to ____8___ up with Dick. Joe asked him a lot of questions. He learned it was possible to get twenty-five dollars each week. He learned the job took about three hours each night. Dick ___9___ him the phone number of the newspaper manager.

Joe almost flew home. After he told his mother what he thought, she ___10___. “I think it is a ___11___ idea,” she said. “I’ll call the newspaper…”

“Wait, Mom,” Joe said, “I’ll call him. After that, I’m going to be a businessman now.”

Joe’s mother smiled ___12___.

1. A. teachers B. parents C. classmates D. friends

2. A. said B. told C. thought D. spoke

3. A. spring B. summer C. autumn D. winter

4. A. because B. when C. while D. after

5. A. newspapers B. bikes C. computers D. tools

6. A. now B. right C. just D. only

7. A. on B. to C. of D. for

8. A. take B. catch C. carry D. get

9. A. taught B. gave C. made D. asked

10. A. smiled B. shouted C. cried D. worried

11. A. big B. large C. great D. bad

12. A. sadly B. happily C. politely D. angrily

F

Everything seems different after you get into middle school? At first, middle school may seem like a mysterious place that is full of strangers and surprises. Here are some of the most common changes you’ll face:

Teachers in middle school often view their students as young adults. This means that your courses and tests will be more challenging. The workload is heavy, but your teachers will most likely understand that you and your classmates are getting used to it.

When you take tests, you will find out that the marks are also changed. You’ll be graded with the letter system: A, B, C, D or E. There are also in-between grades like “A-”, “C+”, etc. This system may look more competitive.

Besides, the hallways of your middle school will be lined with lockers, and one of them will be your very own “home base” during the day. Instead of lugging your stuff around in a bag, you now have a place to store everything safely.

Your middle school library will be bigger and better than the one at your old school. Many middle school libraries have more than just books --- they might also have computers, video

stations, and other forms of media to help you learn.

You may have different classes in different rooms in middle school. The “class schedule” seems out of order at first. You’ll probably become confused. So you’d better make a timetable to prevent yourself from missing any classes. If you have trouble finding something, you can ask your teachers. Or other school staff for help.

Here’s one of the best parts about middle school: the chance to get involved in after-school sports, clubs, and activities. From football to hockey, from drama club to school yearbook, these “extra-courses” are a great way to make friends, explore new interests, and of course, have lots of fun.

1. What is the difference between your old school and middle school?

A. There are fewer courses in middle school.

B. The teachers won’t help you study in middle school.

C. You may get an “A’s” in a middle school exam.

D. You can keep your things in a room when you go to class.

2. Where can you search for information on the Internet in middle school?

A. The classroom. B. The hallway. C. The library. D. The teachers’ office.

3. Which idea can help you to take class on time in the right place?

A. Storing your stuff in the locker. B. Going to the library.

C. Joining the sports club. D. Making a timetable.

4. Who can help you when you can’t find your classroom?

A. Your new classmates. B. Only your teachers.

C. Only the school staff. D. Your teachers or the school staff.

课内知识复习

单项选择

1. Would you like ________ football with us?

A. play B. to play C. playing

2. Your school things are everywhere. Please put ________ away.

A. it B. them C. their

3. Look! The boys ________ football on the playground.

A. played B. play C. are playing

4. Keep quiet, children. Dad ________ in the next room.

A. sleep B. sleeps C. is sleep

5. Do you enjoy ________ TV?

A. watch B. watching C. is watching

6. Spring Festival usually comes ________ February.

A. in B. at C. of

7. ---Are the twins swimming?

---________. They are running.

A. Yes, they are B. No, they aren’t C. Yes, they aren’t

8. I’m going to the supermarket to buy some ________ this afternoon.

A. paper and pencil B. apple and banana C. milk and eggs

9. ---Did you enjoy the ________? D. is sleeping D. watches D. on D. No, they are D. bowl and spoons

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